Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Vendor Pays Up

On September 13, 2022, the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced its first settlement with a Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) lender pursuant to the False Claims Act (“FCA”). The agreement resolves allegations that Prosperity Bank (“Prosperity” or the “Bank”), a regional bank throughout Texas and Oklahoma, improperly processed a PPP loan and secured a processing fee to which it was not entitled. Prosperity agreed to settle the claims for $18,000, and the DOJ took positive note of the Bank’s cooperation with the investigation.

Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), small businesses could apply for PPP loans for economic relief. As an incentive, lenders received a small, fixed fee ranging from 1% to 5% of the loan amount from the Small Business Administration (“SBA”).

Prosperity was a PPP lender and, according to the DOJ, fraudulently approved a $213,000 PPP loan to Woodlands Pain Institute PLLC (“Woodlands Pain”) despite knowing that the sole owner, Dr. Emad Bishai, was facing criminal charges in Montgomery County, Texas for prescribing opioids. Dr. Bishai lied on his loan application, checking the “no” box to indicate that, at the time of applying, he was not subject to an indictment, criminal information, arraignment or other criminal proceeding. Had Dr. Bishai answered the question honestly, he would have been ineligible for the loan. Despite being aware of this disinformation, Prosperity approved the loan in May 2020 and benefited from a 5% processing fee of $10,670.

In addition to the opioid charges, the DOJ accused Dr. Bishai of fraudulently billing Medicare and Tricare in 2017 and 2019 for invasive surgical procedures he never performed. In November 2021, Dr. Bishai entered into a $520,000 settlement to resolve the claims of fraudulent medical billing and his fraudulent submission of the PPP application. Dr. Bishai also repaid the PPP loan in full in 2022, as well as a $1,000 fee for misdemeanor violation of the Texas Medical Malpractice Act. Finally, Dr. Bishai and Woodlands Pain agreed not to participate in any federal healthcare programs for 7 years.

This matter is being handled by Assistant U.S. Attorney Brad Gray with the assistance of the SBA’s Office of Litigation in the Southern District of Texas.

The legal team at Miller Shah LLP has significant False Claims experience. If you have any questions regarding this subject or this post, please contact Samantha Kielbania ( or Natalie Finkelman ( The firm can also be reached toll-free at (866) 540-5505.

Miller Shah LLP is a law firm with offices in California, Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. The firm is an active member of the International Advisory Group (IAG Global), which provides clients access to excellent legal and accounting resources around the globe. For more information about the firm, please visit

Leave a Comment

Member IAG Global

Telephone: 866-540-5505 • Fax: 866-300-7367 | Se habla Español

California – Los Angeles Area

19712 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 222
Irvine, CA 92612
Map and Directions

California – San Diego

1230 Columbia Street, Suite 1140
San Diego, CA 92101
Map and Directions

California – San Francisco

456 Montgomery Street, Suite 1900
San Francisco, CA 94104
Map and Directions


65 Main Street
Chester, CT 06412
Map and Directions


1625 N. Commerce Pkwy, Suite 320
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33326
Map and Directions

New Jersey

2 Hudson Place, Suite 100
Hoboken, NJ 07030
Map and Directions

New York

225 Broadway, Suite 1830
New York, NY 10007
Map and Directions


1845 Walnut Street, Suite 806
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Map and Directions

Affiliate Office –  Milan, Italy